If you enjoy the companionship of birds you will find these bird house plans affordable and fun to build. A properly built birdhouse should be cool, rainproof, durable, and accessible for cleaning. The builder can also be creative by adding an attractive touch to the landscape.
The first step to take when learning how to build a bird house is the material to make it from. You must know that wood is the best building material. You should avoid Metals other than aluminum, because they become so hot when exposed to a scorching sun. You can use rough slabs with the bark still on; they are ideal material for rustic-looking houses.
You should construct the roofs with sufficient pitch to shed water. You should, at least, allow 3 inches of overhang to protect the entrance from driving rain. Water may still find its way into the house; therefore you should drill few small holes in the floor for drainage.
When you are creating your bird house plans, you should plan for several holes near the top of the box to allow ventilation when the weather is hot. The house should be constructed with screws for easy dismantle when cleaning.
There should be entrance holes near the top of the box and the holes should be proportional to the size of the bird which will use the house. The interior walls of the house should be roughened or grooved to assist the young birds in climbing to the opening.
Do not forget these kinds of details when creating your bird house plans because they will surely be vital for you and the birds!
Now, let’s talk about placement and construction for individual species.
Bird houses should be at locations where predators cannot have access to. Face away the opening from prevailing wind, and if achievable, the houses should be situated in partial sunlight. Dim colors are best; those placed in direct sunlight are exceptions because white is needed to reflect the heat.
You should not place bird houses too close together because some birds insist on territorial rights and this could result in conflict in empty bird houses. You should allow at least 1/4 acre for most bird houses.
You should take it into consideration that when creating bird house plans, different species of birds need houses constructed to suit their particular needs.
Natural enemies are the greatest danger to birds using man-made houses. The use of iron poles for mounts or a sheet metal guard encircling trees or wooden poles will help protect birds from predators. The houses could be suspended from wires beyond the jumping range of these predators.
English sparrows and starlings can be irritating to those seeking to attract native species to bird houses. These pests can be eliminated only by continuous harassment. Sparrows can be frequently trapped inside the house at night. Do not relent in the war against starlings and sparrows if you don’t them to re-establish. Know that starlings usually will not stay in boxes within 10 feet off the ground.
If you can eliminate pests and birds find the house comfortable, the only thing remaining is cleaning the interior frequently.
How to build a bird house: Basic plans
Wrens always find almost any kind of cavity good enough to meet their needs. Small size boxes with horizontal slots for entrance are best for them. The slot opening allows this small bird to carry inconvenient nesting materials. Wrens prefer any partially sunlit spot. For nest building, a supply of small twigs about three inches long would do. It may be a good idea to place several houses in the immediate vicinity, for the wren is used to building several nests before completing the one it likes.
The martins organized nesting habits will allow the builder to make use of skill and imagination in construction. Important factors to take note of are coolness and accessibility. A multi-storied apartment house will surely attract a colony of martins. The provision of water will be a good factor in influencing the birds to nest. It’s important to note that the houses should be located in an open space and painted white to reflect heat.
For swallows, water near the box helps to lure these birds to artificial nests. Open or partially covered nest shelves are very good for barn swallows, especially if it is placed under the eaves of buildings. In the case of cliff swallows, they should be provided a narrow shelf under a hanging roof where they can find it easy to construct their mud nests.
These types of birds will use the nesting platform when natural nesting sites are not available. You should place the platforms in partial shade along main branches of trees or under the eaves of a shed or porch roof.
These are birds that seem to prefer primitive homes built to bring the feeling of natural abodes. Old orchards and woodland borders are preferable places for their houses. Chickadees often nest within a few feet of the ground, but higher elevation is best for nuthatches and titmice.
Houses with the right dimensions will suit this bird watcher’s favorite, though rejected orchards are bluebird haunts. You must know that the house should be located four to five feet above the ground to prevent or reduce conflict with house sparrows.
These birds prefer rough interiors. To shape a cavity for eggs, a quantity of sawdust, ground cork or small chips should cover the bottom. You should place boxes above immediately surrounding foliage. A dead stub is a very good support for their boxes.